Lesson 2 the arab empire and the caliphates answer key

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Umayyad Caliphate

lesson 2 the arab empire and the caliphates answer key

The Caliph P2: Division - Featured Documentary

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We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you! Published by Moses Carter Modified over 2 years ago. What was his status at this important time?

Muhammad united the tribes of Arabia into a single Arab Muslim religious polity in the last years of his life. He established a new unified Arabian Peninsula, which led to the Rashidun and Umayyad Caliphates and the rapid expansion of Muslim power over the next century. With additional support, Abu Bakr was confirmed as the first caliph religious successor to Muhammad that same year. Ali would eventually become the fourth Sunni caliph. Sunni Muslims believe and confirm that Abu Bakr was chosen by the community and that this was the proper procedure. Sunnis further argue that a caliph should ideally be chosen by election or community consensus.

Caliphate , the political-religious state comprising the Muslim community and the lands and peoples under its dominion in the centuries following the death ce of the Prophet Muhammad. This article covers the history of the original caliphal state based in Arabia, the Levant , and Mesopotamia in the 7th13th century. The rightly guided caliphs largely established the administrative and judicial organization of the Muslim community and directed the conquest of new lands. In the s Syria , Jordan , Palestine , and Iraq were conquered, Egypt was taken from Byzantine control in , and frequent raids were launched into North Africa, Armenia , and Persia. The majority of Muslims regarded the Umayyads as nominally Muslim at best, given their worldly and opulent lifestyles.



The Spread and Impact of Islam Chapter 9, Section 2: The Arab Empire and the Caliphates.

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Ch 9.2 The Arab Empire and the Caliphates- Islam and the Arab Empire McGraw Hill

The third Caliph , Uthman ibn Affan r. The family established dynastic, hereditary rule with Muawiya ibn Abi Sufyan , long-time governor of Syria , who became the sixth Caliph after the end of the First Muslim Civil War in After Mu'awiyah's death in , conflicts over the succession resulted in a Second Civil War [8] and power eventually fell into the hands of Marwan I from another branch of the clan. Syria remained the Umayyads' main power base thereafter, and Damascus was their capital. The dynasty was eventually overthrown by a rebellion led by the Abbasids in

In the fourth major caliphate, the Ottoman Caliphate , the rulers of the Ottoman Empire claimed caliphal authority from , We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system.

The Arab Empire and the Caliphates. Unit 1: Christianity, Judaism, and Islam Look back on Chapter 9 Lesson 1 for review to help answer the first question.
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