- Properties of Matter: Solids
- What Makes Molten Glass Solid? Cracking A Controversial Solid State Mystery
- What is the difference between liquid steel and solid steel?
Properties of Matter: Solids
solid and liquid and gas. the only differences between molten (liquid) steel and solid steel is. energy. how does a refrigerator cool food and drinks. pumps the.and can
The present application relates to an apparatus for production of syngas by gasification of carbon contained in one or more feed fuel material , said apparatus being intended to work at increased pressure. More specifically the application relates to an apparatus for production of syngas by gasification of carbon in a molten metal into which carbon, oxygen or air oxidant gas are injected, carbon being injected in stoichiometric excess in relation to the oxidant gas In the melt. Syngas is then formed, substantially comprising carbon monoxide CO and hydrogen H 2. Since the early 's, efforts have been made to develop an efficient means to convert solid, carbon- containing reactants into liquid fuels. The early work in the field was performed in Germany in the years prior to and between the two world wars, in , Frederick Bergius described the fundamental process for hydrogenating coal under very high pressure to yield liquid fuels. Bergius was awarded a one-half share of the Nobel Prize in chemistry for this work. Bosch, a titan of the German chemical field , was awarded the other half.
The present invention relates generally to methods for treating a bath of molten steel to adjust the composition thereof and more particularly to a method for adjusting the dissolved oxygen content in molten steel. Molten steel is generally prepared in a steel refining furnace such as a basic oxygen furnace, an electric furnace and, in decreasing utilization, an open hearth furnace. Molten steel prepared in a steel refining furnace generally contains dissolved oxygen which is usually regarded as an undesirable impurity. A conventional expedient for removing dissolved oxygen from molten steel is to add elements, such as aluminum, silicon, titanium or zirconium, that form stable oxides. These metal elements are referred to hereinafter as solid deoxidizing agents. A deoxidizing treatment employing a solid deoxidizing agent is usually conducted outside of the steel refining furnace, typically in a ladle into which the molten steel has been poured from the steel refining furnace.
Scientists can easily explain the structural order that makes steel and aluminium out of molten metal. And they have discovered the molecular changes that take place as water turns to ice. But, despite the fact that glass blowers have been plying their trade since the first century BC, we have only just begun to understand what makes molten glass solid. One hundred and fifty years after the construction of Crystal Palace at the Great Exhibition, scientists at The University of Nottingham and the University of California, Berkeley in collaboration with the University of Bath, have presented an explanation of how atoms behave as glass cools and hardens. Their research has just been published in the journal Science. The secret of glass making came to Britain with the Romans in 55 BC.
Solid is one of the three main states of matter, along with liquid and gas. Matter is the "stuff" of the universe, the atoms, molecules and ions that make up all physical substances. In a solid, these particles are packed closely together and are not free to move about within the substance. Molecular motion for the particles in a solid is confined to very small vibrations of the atoms around their fixed positions; therefore, solids have a fixed shape that is difficult to change. Solids also have a definite volume; that is, they keep their size no matter how you try to change them.
What Makes Molten Glass Solid? Cracking A Controversial Solid State Mystery
POURING MOLTEN METAL FOR THE FIRST TIME!!!
What is the difference between liquid steel and solid steel?
At room temperature, steel is a solid. It is a solid. Quite obviously it is a solid. In liquid steel, the atoms are more free and can move around like water. In solid steel the atoms are tightly packed and cannot move at all. Aluminium liquid solid. There is no difference between galvanized steel and zinc steel.
Solid, liquid, and gases are 3 of matter. energy. the only difference between molten (liquid) steel and solid steel is the amount of in it. slowly. the atoms in a solid.
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