The heating of the Earth's surface and atmosphere by the sun drives convection within the atmosphere and ocean. This convection produces winds and ocean.and watch how i met your mother season 5 episode 10
Ocean water is constantly in motion Figure From north to south, east to west, and up and down the shore, ocean water moves all over the place. These movements can be explained as the result of many separate forces, including local conditions of wind, water, the position of the moon and Sun, the rotation of the Earth, and the position of land formations. Wind that blows over the ocean water creates waves. Surface currents are an important factor in the ocean because they are a major factor in determining climate around the globe. Currents on the surface are determined by three major factors: the major overall global wind patterns, the rotation of the Earth, and the shape of ocean basins. The ripples in the cup are tiny waves, just like the waves that wind forms on the ocean surface.
Ocean and wind currents are formed by a process known as convection. Both convection and pressure affect the flow of water and air. As air and water currents move from one area to another, they affect the general climate of the area they are moving into. Water currents have the ability to cool and warm the air, while air currents push air from one climate to another, bringing heat or cold and moisture with it. Convection is one of the major ways that heat is transferred.
Source: www. Skip to main content. How are Ocean Currents Formed? Winds Wind is the primary force driving surface currents in the ocean. The sun heats the surface of the earth unevenly because of the shape and tilt of the earth. Warmer air masses rise into the atmosphere, creating areas of low pressure. As air masses cool high in the atmosphere, they sink and create areas of high pressure.
The Sun and Convection Currents
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Ocean water moves in predictable ways along the ocean surface. These surface currents do not depend on weather; they remain unchanged even in large storms because they depend on factors that do not change. Surface currents are extremely important because they distribute heat around the planet and are a major factor influencing climate around the globe. Winds on Earth are either global or local. Wind is not the only factor that affects ocean currents.
Convection currents are identified in Earth's mantle. Heated mantle material is shown rising from deep inside the mantle, while cooler mantle material sinks, creating a convection current. It is thought that this type of current is responsible for the movements of the plates of Earth's crust. In the ocean, warm water is normally found near the surface while the deeper water is usually cold. Deep, cold-water currents play an important role in creating the ocean oasis of the film. Convection currents play a role in the circulation of fluids.
To print the story please do so via the link in the story toolbar. The climate system traps, stores and transports energy absorbed from the Sun and eventually radiates it all back into space. There are 4 main components of Earth's climate system: atmosphere , hydrosphere , lithosphere , and living things. Each component receives energy from the Sun and interacts with other components, resulting in a constant global temperature and maintained conditions that support life. Most of Earth's thermal energy circulation occurs in the atmosphere and hydrosphere. Both are able to absorb and store thermal energy, so they serve as heat sinks.
Wind and Ocean Currents
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Global winds and ocean currents are responsible for distributing global heat, which directly affects continental climates. To understand how these currents form, a knowledge of the impacts of Earth's motion is necessary. Was this helpful? Yes No I need help The earth rotates on an axis at The axis slowly wobbles and may tilt anywhere from Due to the tilt and position when the earth revolves around the sun, solar radiation strikes the earth at varying intensities, creating differences in temperature Fig.