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Lecture 2.4: Social Cognitive Models of Health Behaviorand season episode watch stopped breastfeeding for 2 days can i restart
Breast cancer is an important public health problem on the grounds that it is frequently seen and it is a fatal disease. Abstracts and full texts of these six hundred seventy eight studies were evaluated in terms of inclusion and exclusion criteria and 9 studies were determined to meet the criteria. Samplings of the studies varied between ninety four and one thousand six hundred fifty five. It was detected in the studies that educations provided by taking the theories as basis became effective on the breast cancer early diagnosis behaviors. When the literature is examined, it is observed that the experimental researches which compare the concepts of Health Belief Model HBM and Health Promotion Model HPM preoperatively and postoperatively and show the effect of these concepts on education and are conducted by nurses are limited in number. Randomized controlled studies which compare HBM and HPM concepts preoperatively and postoperatively and show the efficiency of the interventions can be useful in evaluating the efficiency of the interventions.
The theoretical models under consideration were initiated as part of an eight-model structure to ensure the effectiveness of proposed improvements to the health care system and more so in cost control measures. The models were targeting non-participants in the health sector to have more proactive roles in addition to determining the influences of health behavior. This was after some health screening and preventive services were offered to people at a nominal fee but the U. S Public Health Services observers noticed that some people did not participate in these services Naldoo, Researchers there on decided to come up with a framework that would seek to identify why persons would and would not participate in the desired health activity or behavior.
The Health Belief Model is a theoretical model that can be used to guide health promotion and disease prevention programs. It is used to explain and predict individual changes in health behaviors. It is one of the most widely used models for understanding health behaviors. Key elements of the Health Belief Model focus on individual beliefs about health conditions, which predict individual health-related behaviors. The model defines the key factors that influence health behaviors as an individual's perceived threat to sickness or disease perceived susceptibility , belief of consequence perceived severity , potential positive benefits of action perceived benefits , perceived barriers to action, exposure to factors that prompt action cues to action , and confidence in ability to succeed self-efficacy.
Contents provided in these articles are meant for general information only, and are not suggested as replacement to standard references. Any inaccurate information, if found, may be communicated to the editor. The editor and the publisher assume no responsibility for errors, omissions, or damages caused by the use of these files or programs or from the use of the information contained herein. Contact us at: currentnursing gmail. It was developed in the s by a group of U. Public Health Service social psychologists who wanted to explain why so few people were participating in programs to prevent and detect disease. HBM is a good model for addressing problem behaviors that evoke health concerns e.
Health belief model
The health belief model HBM is a psychological health behavior change model developed to explain and predict health-related behaviors, particularly in regard to the uptake of health services. -