The programs and other operating information used by a computer

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Operating system

the programs and other operating information used by a computer

Operating Systems: Crash Course Computer Science #18

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Management tasks include scheduling resource use to avoid conflicts and interference between programs. Unlike most programs, which complete a task and terminate, an operating system runs indefinitely and terminates only when the computer is turned off. One form of multiprocessing is called time-sharing , which lets many users share computer access by rapidly switching between them. This virtual memory both increases the address space available to a program and helps to prevent programs from interfering with each other, but it requires careful control by the operating system and a set of allocation tables to keep track of memory use. Perhaps the most delicate and critical task for a modern operating system is allocation of the CPU; each process is allowed to use the CPU for a limited time, which may be a fraction of a second, and then must give up control and become suspended until its next turn.

An operating system is a collection of programs that manages all the other programs i. Any operating system can be divided, at least conceptually 1 , into three sets of components: a kernel , low level utilities and other system programs, and a user interface s. The kernel is the most basic part of any operating system; it has complete control over everything that occurs in it and communicates directly with the hardware. It is copied from storage into a computer's memory as the computer boots i. Utilities are small programs that are used to help manage the operating system and hardware.

A computer program is a collection of instructions [1] that performs a specific task when executed by a computer. Most computer devices require programs to function properly. A computer program is usually written by a computer programmer in a programming language. From the program in its human-readable form of source code , a compiler or assembler can derive machine code a form consisting of instructions that the computer can directly execute. Alternatively, a computer program may be executed with the aid of an interpreter. A collection of computer programs, libraries , and related data are referred to as software.



Operating System Definition

Computer Software : Operating System-Basics (03:03)

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5 thoughts on “The programs and other operating information used by a computer

  1. This is a area to plugin in pieces of hardware that carry different software in them. App The programs and other operating info used by a computer or electrical.

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