Difference between inward bill collection and outward bill collection

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Difference Between a Documentary Collection & a Letter of Credit

difference between inward bill collection and outward bill collection

Methods of Payment in International Trade for Export & Import (2018)

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Letters of credit are an established mechanism for ensuring that sellers will receive payment for goods that have been properly shipped, as long as the correct documents are presented upon delivery. Although letters of credit have been one of the most important international payment methods, particularly for import and export industries, there are alternative mechanisms, such as documentary collection, that may reduce some of the cost and administrative burden of the transaction. Most of the lawsuits regarding letters of credit have focused on whether the documents contained the precise wording required in the letter of credit. Documentary collection is a payment security method that is similar to a letter of credit, however, there is an important difference. Unlike a letter of credit, in documentary collection, the bank is not required to pay the seller or exporter if the buyer decides that it does not want to buy.

A documentary collection is a process by which an exporter's bank collects funds from the importer's bank in exchange for documents detailing shipped merchandise. A documentary collection is a trade transaction in which exporters allow their bank to act as a collection agent for payment of shipped goods to the buyer. A sight draft reduces the seller's risk because the buyer's bank will not release the documents without payment from the buyer; without the documents, the buyer can not gain access to the goods. Shipping documents include a commercial invoice, certificate of origin, insurance certificate, and packing list. A key document in documentary collections is the bill of exchange or draft, which is a formal demand for payment from the exporter to importer.

In the case of a documentary collection, the exporter will request payment by presenting its shipping and collection documents to their remitting bank. The remitting bank then forwards these documents on to the bank of the importer. The importers bank will then pay the exporters bank, which will credit those funds to the exporter. The role of banks in a documentary collection is limited, they do not verify the documents, take risks, nor do they guarantee payment; banks just control the flow of the documents. With documentary collections, the bank does not cover credit and country risk, however, they are more convenient and more cost-effective than Letters of Credit and can be useful if the exporter and importer have a good relationship, and if the importer is situated in a politically and economically stable market.

IBC is the handling of inward documents (domestic or foreign) received from a Remitting Bank and/or seller for presentation to a buyer/importer for presentation .
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Register now or log in to join your professional community. Exporters can instruct their Bank called the "Remitting Bank" to send commercial documents such as invoices, Bills of lading or Airway Bills or financial documents such as Bills of Exchange on a collection basis to the "Presenting Bank", normally located in the Importers' country. Collections can be further defined into two categories, Documentary and Clean Collections. Documentary Collections are the most common form of collections, and usually comprise of both financial and commercial documents which would required in order to obtain delivery of goods. On the other hand, clean collections comprise financial documents only, which typically represent an outstanding debt or acknowledgement of payment to be made at a later date. Bill collection means, collection agencies collect unpaid or locate debtors for others.

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Outward Bill Collection (DA/DP)

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Documentary Collections

Exporting overseas is one way for a business to grow, but it won't succeed if the buyers fail to pay promptly. The business world has developed several methods for guaranteeing payment even when the buyer and seller are half the world apart. Letters of credit and documentary collections both guarantee payment when the terms are met, but there are important differences between them. A letter of credit is a commitment by the buyer's bank to pay for the goods, according to the U. Department of Agriculture. Before paying, the bank will require the seller fulfill the terms of the letter exactly. Typically, that includes delivering the goods and providing documentation—for example an invoice, a packing list, and a certificate of origin—drawn up exactly as the letter dictates.

Facilitate the flow of payment with our Outward Bill Collection. DBS acts as a professional agent to collect payments from the buyer on your behalf. -


The handling of domestic sales and export documents, which are presented to the Bank by the seller/exporter to collect payment from a buyer through buyer’s bank. Ensures payment/ acceptance of Bills of Exchange by buyer before release of documents. For General Charges, please refer.
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