Causes of diarrhea in horses

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Diarrhea in horses: The causes, treatments, and complications

causes of diarrhea in horses

4 days ago While some types of diarrhea in horses present little to worry about if watched Read more about the causes, diagnosis, and treatment of this.

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Yet, treatment of most horses and foals with diarrhea is similar and thus allows supportive therapeutic management despite the lack of a definitive diagnosis. Diarrhea in adult horses can be acute or chronic. Infectious agents that have been cited as potential causes of acute diarrhea in adult horses include numerous Salmonella serovars, Neorickettsia risticii , Clostridium difficile , C perfringens , Aeromonas spp, coronavirus, and cyathostomiasis. Other differential diagnoses for acute diarrhea in horses include ingestion of a toxicant s , antimicrobial-induced colitis, NSAID toxicity, and sand enterocolopathy. An acute, fatal diarrheal disease of unknown etiology is known as colitis-X. Chronic diarrhea can be caused by inflammatory or neoplastic conditions involving the intestine or by disruption of the normal physiologic process in the bowel. Differential diagnoses include sand enterocolopathy and infiltrative lesions, such as those associated with inflammatory bowel disease or intestinal lymphosarcoma.

While some types of diarrhea in horses present little to worry about if watched carefully, others can be life-threatening. Posted by Diane E. It can be acute or chronic. While some types of equine diarrhea present little to worry about if watched carefully, others can be life-threatening. We call that colonic dysbiosis.

Wellington, FL Diarrhea can be a common problem for horse owners, but how do we know when it is serious?
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Diarrhea can be a common problem in horses, but how do owners know when it is serious? Diarrhea, defined as loose stools, or excessive and overly-frequent defecation, occurs when the intestine does not complete absorption of electrolytes and water. Simple changes in feed, exposure to lush grass, or a bite of moldy hay can cause brief irritation of the bowel, giving a horse diarrhea for a day or two, but anything more than that could be from a variety of more serious causes. Bacteria, viruses, and toxins are all factors that can damage the lining of the bowel and lead to diarrhea and other complications. The organisms that cause diarrhea are mostly bacteria Salmonella and Clostridium difficile are among the most common. While antibiotics are useful to kill bad bacteria, they can also kill good bacteria at the same time, upsetting the balance of flora in the body, notes internal medicine specialist Dr Peter Heidmann, from the Palm Beach Equine Clinic in Wellington, Florida. If a horse goes on antibiotics for any reason, such as a wound or an infection, that can upset the good bacteria in the intestines and cause bad bacteria, such as Clostridium difficile , to grow.



Diarrheal Disease in Horses

Miscellaneous Causes of Diarrhea in Horses

Diarrhea is a sign that something is wrong with your horse's health. A horse can very quickly become dehydrated when it has diarrhea, and dehydration can cause laminitis, kidney failure, and in extreme cases, death. The underlying cause of your horse's diarrhea may be a serious health problem that can be difficult for you to identify. In severe cases, the loose manure may exit forcibly and end up covering stall walls and anything else standing in its path. Diarrhea may last for a day or two, and you may never find the reason it occurred. But in some cases, it can become chronic and require ongoing treatment and vigilance.

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5 thoughts on “Causes of diarrhea in horses

  1. Other causes of diarrhea or semiformed to watery feces in horses include grain overload, thromboembolic disease of the colon, peritonitis, antibiotic treatment, renal failure, numerous toxicoses eg, blister beetles [ cantharidin ], salt poisoning, slaframine, amitraz, propylene glycol, phosphorus, selenium , nicotine , reserpine , arsenic, mercury, monensin, organophosphates, oleander, Japanese yew, castor bean, avocado, thorn apple, potatoes, heath, algae, acorn or oak, Hypericum , corn cockle, mycotoxicoses, horse tail [scouring rush] , hyperlipidosis, and resolving impaction of the large intestine after treatment with oral cathartics such as magnesium sulfate.

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