Difference between mhc 1 and 2

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Difference Between MHC Class 1 and 2

difference between mhc 1 and 2

MHC class 1 and 2 - Major histocompatibility complex

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Antigen presentation by major histocompatibility complex MHC proteins is essential for adaptive immunity. The prolonged interaction between a T cell receptor and specific pMHC complexes, after an extensive search process in secondary lymphatic organs, eventually triggers T cells to proliferate and to mount a specific cellular immune response. Once processed, the peptide repertoire presented by MHC proteins largely depends on structural features of the binding groove of each particular MHC allelic variant. Additionally, two peptide editors—tapasin for class I and HLA-DM for class II—contribute to the shaping of the presented peptidome by favoring the binding of high-affinity antigens. Although there is a vast amount of biochemical and structural information, the mechanism of the catalyzed peptide exchange for MHC class I and class II proteins still remains controversial, and it is not well understood why certain MHC allelic variants are more susceptible to peptide editing than others. Recent studies predict a high impact of protein intermediate states on MHC allele-specific peptide presentation, which implies a profound influence of MHC dynamics on the phenomenon of immunodominance and the development of autoimmune diseases.

HLA complex is the most polymorphic region of the human genome.
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MHC II glycoproteins are only present on specialised antigen-presenting cells APCs , including macrophages that engulf foreign particles such as bacteria, dendritic cells that present antigen to T cells, and B cells that produce antibodies. MHC II proteins present exogenous antigens that originate extracellularly from foreign bodies such as bacteria. This post was most recently updated on August 21st, Rapid diagnostic tests or RDTs for Malaria are a way to test whether a person with malaria like symptoms actually has malaria. Malaria parasites produce proteins […]. Hlo sir… Could you suggest me about antibiotic sensitivity test for bacteria…. Hi, you can find antibiotic producing bacteria by the following procedure.

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There are two major classes of MHC molecules, both of which consist of an a and a b chain, but from different sources. MHC class I molecules MHC I consist of one membrane-spanning a chain heavy chain produced by MHC genes, and one b chain light chain or b 2-microglobulin produced by the b 2-microglobulin gene. In each case, the MHC molecule has a groove that binds a peptide, which it can then present at the cell surface to a T cell to elicit an immune response, because T cells only recognise antigens as complexes with MHC molecules.


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2 thoughts on “Difference between mhc 1 and 2

  1. The major histocompatibility complex MHC is a set of genes that code for cell surface proteins essential for the acquired immune system to recognize foreign molecules in vertebrates , which in turn determines histocompatibility.

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