Explain high level language and low level language

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High level languages vs Low level languages (Infographics)

explain high level language and low level language

A computer program is a list of instructions that enable a computer to perform a specific task. Computer programs can be written in high and low level languages, .

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Such languages are considered high-level because they are closer to human languages and further from machine languages. In contrast, assembly languages are considered low-level because they are very close to machine languages. The main advantage of high-level languages over low-level languages is that they are easier to read, write, and maintain. Ultimately, programs written in a high-level language must be translated into machine language by a compiler or interpreter. The first high-level programming languages were designed in the s. Stay up to date on the latest developments in Internet terminology with a free newsletter from Webopedia.

I have written this blog considering people who will read this are absolute beginners. People who have a background like, I mean not exactly a technological background would actually find it hard to start learning programming when there is no one to guide them. Thus I have written this blog as a courtesy for them. So, speaking of languages, what are exactly high level language and low level language? Why are they even called that? And how much do they differ from each other? Watch our Demo Courses and Videos.

In computer science , a high-level programming language is a programming language with strong abstraction from the details of the computer. In contrast to low-level programming languages , it may use natural language elements , be easier to use, or may automate or even hide entirely significant areas of computing systems e. The amount of abstraction provided defines how "high-level" a programming language is. In the s, high-level programming languages using a compiler were commonly called autocodes. The first significantly widespread high-level language was Fortran , a machine-independent development of IBM's earlier Autocode systems. Algol , defined in and by committees of European and American computer scientists, introduced recursion as well as nested functions under lexical scope.

A low-level programming language is a programming language that provides little or no abstraction from a computer's instruction set architecture ócommands or functions in the language map closely to processor instructions. Generally, this refers to either machine code or assembly language. The word "low" refers to the small or nonexistent amount of abstraction between the language and machine language; because of this, low-level languages are sometimes described as being "close to the hardware".
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A low-level language is a type of programming language that contains basic instructions recognized by a computer. Unlike high-level languages used by software developers , low-level code is often cryptic and not human-readable. Two common types of low-level programming languages are assembly language and machine language. A software developer can create and edit source code in a high-level language using a programming IDE or even a basic text editor. However, the code is not recognized directly by the CPU. Instead, it must be compiled into a low-level language.

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