Why did the population increase in the industrial revolution

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Industrial Revolution

why did the population increase in the industrial revolution

The Industrial Revolution- population

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B etween and , technological progress, education , and an increasing capital stock transformed England into the workshop of the world. The industrial revolution, as the transformation came to be known, caused a sustained rise in real income per person in England and, as its effects spread, in the rest of the Western world. Historians agree that the industrial revolution was one of the most important events in history, marking the rapid transition to the modern age, but they disagree vehemently about many aspects of the event. Of all the disagreements, the oldest one is over how the industrial revolution affected ordinary people, often called the working classes. One group, the pessimists, argues that the living standards of ordinary people fell, while another group, the optimists, believes that living standards rose. At one time, behind the debate was an ideological argument between the critics especially Marxists and the defenders of free markets. The defenders, or optimists, saw nineteenth-century England as the birthplace of a consumer revolution that made more and more consumer goods available to ordinary people with each passing year.

Sep 18, Not only did society develop the ability to have more things faster, it would be able to The Industrial Revolution and Population Growth.
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The Industrial Revolution , now also known as the First Industrial Revolution , was the transition to new manufacturing processes in Europe and the United States, in the period from about to sometime between and This transition included going from hand production methods to machines , new chemical manufacturing and iron production processes, the increasing use of steam power and water power , the development of machine tools and the rise of the mechanized factory system. The Industrial Revolution also led to an unprecedented rise in the rate of population growth. Textiles were the dominant industry of the Industrial Revolution in terms of employment, value of output and capital invested. The textile industry was also the first to use modern production methods. The Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain , and many of the technological innovations were of British origin. The Industrial Revolution marks a major turning point in history; almost every aspect of daily life was influenced in some way.

The s was a time of 'Industrial Revolution'. The main changes were:. The growth of towns:. The main changes were: by , England had become a great trading nation with a worldwide empire, which covered a fifth of the globe a per cent growth in population a change from agriculture to industry a move from domestic industry to factory work a move from water and wind power to steam engines a revolution in transport and communications, from canals and pack horses, to railways and the telegraph The growth of towns: In , only about 15 per cent of the population lived in towns. By it was 85 per cent. This meant that there were far more people around to work in new industries but also caused problems because many more people needed foods and homes.

Demography and economy: A demographic revolution took place in this period. Population grew very quickly due to a decreased death rate and increased fertility. Most people still lived in the countryside. Life in the villages changed, however. Agricultural production became more intensive and large scale to produce raw materials for the rural industry and as a result, the number of farmers without land grew. Towns with rural industry grew and provided much work.



Population Growth and Movement in the Industrial Revolution

Revolutions are generally associated with upheaval in society, effecting changes that transform a nation and its people. The Industrial Revolution, which lasted from the late 18th century until the early s, changed the face of the planet. Rural societies, primarily in Europe and the United States, gave way to urbanization, and manpower was enhanced or replaced by machine power.

Population Growth And Industrialization

Other versions of this item: Zhou, Haiwen, Tamura, Robert, Robert Tamura, Shiue, Discussion Papers.

During the first Industrial Revolution , Britain experienced massive changes— scientific discoveries , expanding gross national product , new technologies , and new buildings and structure types. At the same time, the population changed—it grew in number, became more urbanized, healthier, and better-educated. There is evidence for some in-migration of the population from the rural areas and foreign countries as the Industrial Revolution got underway. But, while the growth was certainly a contributing factor in the revolution, providing the vast industrial expansion a workforce it urgently needed, the revolution also worked to increase urban populations too. Higher wages and better diets brought people together to meld into new urban cultures. Historical studies indicate that between and , the population of England stayed relatively flat, with little growth. Precise figures don't exist for the period before the establishment of a nationwide census, but it is clear from existing historic records that Britain experienced a demographic explosion in the latter half of the century.

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May 28, Given that the population growth occurred when England experienced the first industrial revolution, the two are likely connected. People did.
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