The spoils system made political parties more powerful by

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The spoils system made political parties more powerful by?

the spoils system made political parties more powerful by

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The spoils system is the practice of giving public office to the supporters and friends of successful political parties. It can be viewed as a system of patronage. The spoils system refers to the practice of political parties, after they win an election, rewarding those that voted for them with government jobs. Andrew Jackson defended the spoil system because it created more political parties. The spoils system flourished under President Andrew Jackson, who allowed the US government to become a collaboration among political cronies. Under the spoils system, minority parties are often ignored and kept powerless.

It is with a feeling of peculiar satisfaction that I greet the fifteenth annual meeting of the national Civil Service Reform League at the seat of the National Government the place where the necessity of the Reform we advocate has been most conspicuously demonstrated, and where also its most conspicuous and fruitful successes have been achieved. No intelligent observer who visits Washington from time to time can fail to be struck with the evidences of the constant growth of the national Government in the magnitude and scope of its functions, corresponding to the multiplication of the public and private interests that come into contact with it. From a thin string of agricultural settlements on the Atlantic coast, here and there dotted with small trading towns, this Republic has in a century expanded into a vast empire spanning a continent, excelling in wealth and material power every other nation on the globe. With its growth it has changed its character. Its bucolic stage has long been passed. Its agricultural interests, however great, have lost their former predominance. That great store of rich virgin lands which formerly offered home and sustenance to the advancing population, has shrunk to petty proportions, and will soon altogether cease to play an important part in our social development.

Oct 30, The spoils system made political parties more powerful by a. allowing party workers to push for civil service reform. b. encouraging wealthy.
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Spoils system , also called patronage system , practice in which the political party winning an election rewards its campaign workers and other active supporters by appointment to government posts and by other favours. A change in party control of government necessarily brings new officials to high positions carrying political responsibility, but the spoils system extends personnel turnover down to routine or subordinate governmental positions. The term was in use in American politics as early as , but it was made famous in a speech made in by Senator William Marcy of New York. Arguments in favour of the spoils system defend it as a means of maintaining an active party organization by offering loyal workers occupational rewards. It also guarantees the ruling party loyal and cooperative employees. Supporters of the practice claim this results in more effective government because the appointed officeholders have a stake in helping the elected official to carry out his policies and fulfill his campaign promises. The Pendleton Federal Civil Service Act of provided the initial basis for the adoption of the merit system in the recruitment of federal officials, and by the late 20th century merit systems had almost completely replaced the spoils system at the federal, state, and city levels of government.

A T our last annual meeting I had occasion to congratulate the country upon the extraordinary advance the cause of civil service reform had made during the preceding year. President Cleveland's executive order of May 6, , had not only added many thousands of positions to the classified service, but it had also established the general principal that it is the normal condition of public servants under the executive departments of the national government to be under the civil service rules, and that they should be considered and treated as being there, unless excepted by special regulation a gain of incalculable consequence. I was also able to report signal progress of the reform in various States and in the municipal service of various cities. At the same time I expressed the apprehension that the advocates of the spoils system would not cease their hostile efforts and that, although the final result could not be doubtful, we might still have a period of arduous struggle before us. This apprehension has proved to be well founded.

In politics and government , a spoils system also known as a patronage system is a practice in which a political party , after winning an election, gives government civil service jobs to its supporters, friends, and relatives as a reward for working toward victory, and as an incentive to keep working for the partyas opposed to a merit system , where offices are awarded on the basis of some measure of merit , independent of political activity. The term was used particularly in politics of the United States , where the federal government operated on a spoils system until the Pendleton Act was passed in due to a civil service reform movement. Thereafter the spoils system was largely replaced by a nonpartisan merit at the federal level of the United States. The term was derived from the phrase " to the victor belong the spoils " by New York Senator William L. Marcy , [1] [2] referring to the victory of Andrew Jackson in the election of , with the term spoils meaning goods or benefits taken from the loser in a competition, election or military victory.



The Democracy of the Merit System

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3 thoughts on “The spoils system made political parties more powerful by

  1. the spoils system made political parties more powerful by. filling important government positions with party supporters. in the late s the republican party .

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